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What Addiction Does To Your Health

Posted by arizonarecovery on April 3, 2020

Drugs are chemicals that poses adverse effects on our body depending on the type. Some of them have long-lasting and permanent effects on the health of both the body and the brain, which can be observed even after the person has stopped substance abuse. And just when you think drugs can only promote memory loss, you’re highly mistaken. 

Unlike the contrary belief, drugs don’t just affect decision making, judgment, memory, and moods. They leave worse effects on almost every part of our body as suggested by a pool of researches. While illegal drugs can be held responsible for this, prescription drugs when overused have the same effect.

What is Addiction?

A disease wherein your brain and behavior is affected by drug overuse. When addicted to drugs, a body cannot resist the urge to use them, causing the person to shake, behave unusually, and in some cases, even show violent traits. All this when they are unable to feed their body with drugs.

When you start taking it, you like the way it makes you feel, deceiving you to believe that you can control the intake amount. At a point, drugs mess with your brain and change the way it functions, causing you to lose self-control and show destructive behaviors. This is the stage where most people are classified as addicts. 

How Do Addicts Get “High”? 

There are different ways to take drugs which also depends on the drug being used. Most commonly, people use three ways – injection, inhalation, and ingestion. It depends on the type of intake how quickly the drug will interact with the body. For example, injection has an immediate impact on the body because the substance is directly injected into the bloodstream, whereas ingestion shows delayed effects.

However, all the drugs, be it legal (except prescribed) or illegal, poses severe damage to the brain. They flood the brain with large amounts of dopamine, which is a neurotransmitter used to control our emotions, feelings of pleasure, and motivation, pushing our body to a stage where it’s high. When used for a long time, drugs can interfere with the usual working of a person’s brain and disrupts their choices and decisions, forcing them to experience intense cravings and aggressive, irresistible drug abuse.

Adverse Effects Of Drug Abuse On Health

Drugs can have drastic effects on a normal person’s health. Both illegal and legal prescribed drugs can promote irregularities in the usual working of a human brain. Memory loss, lack of feelings and moods, tooth damage, and anxiety are only a few problems associated with drug abuse. There are many health conditions that the disease addiction can introduce you to. Some of them are surprisingly fatal.

Suicidal Tendencies

Research led by Canadian researchers studied 1,200 people using injection drugs. The study revealed shocking results claiming that nearly 6% said they want to end their lives. Keep in mind the rate is higher than the general rate of suicide attempts. Researchers went ahead and studied the type of drug these people used. They found that those who used cocaine or amphetamines regularly are more likely to end their lives

Blood Vessel Damages

People who frequently smoke cocaine are likely to have chest pains and difficulties in breathing. All of these accounts from damaged blood vessels resulted from excessive cocaine consumption. The drug is responsible for almost one-fourth of all emergency cases related to drug misuse and abuse. Blocked blood vessels can stop blood flow to the heart which may result in a deadly heart attack.

Its Nerve Damaging

Brain, being the communication center have billions of neurons that are responsible for passing messages back and forth within the brain, spinal cord, and peripheral nervous system. It is because of this that we can think logically, act, and feel things. Drugs attack this very tendency of our brain, posing as a blockage for the neurons, therefore, interfering with the body’s internal communication system. Marijuana and heroin have a chemical structure similar to that of a natural neurotransmitter, which fools the receptors and activates the neurons. However, since these are not the real neurotransmitters, they pass abnormal messages within the network confusing the body by lowering its sense of touch, feel, and act. 

While the listed health conditions may seem a little less, there are plenty of more adverse effects that marijuana, cocaine, heroin, etc. have on your body. However, they all result from the very fact that these drugs hit straight through our brain interfering with its natural function. 

So, can this happen to people who smoke occasionally? 

Each individual is wired differently and their body reacts distinctively to drugs. Where a few people start using drugs, love the feeling, and continue the misuse forever, some hate it and never touch it again. An individual doesn’t need to turn into an addict every time. However, it is unexpected and can pose a threat to anyone at any point in time. The following are the factors that may increase your chances of getting addicted. 

Mental disorders

Depressed, lonely, and people who face difficulties in paying attention are more likely to be trapped in addiction. They may choose that as an alternative to feeling better. 

Drug use

If you were exposed to drugs at a very early age, then you are more likely to continue the same now. Children’s brains are still in the process of evolving. Exposing it to drugs can result in a disaster. 

Family history

If your mother or father has any history of potential drug misuse, then you can follow the tradition, too! Both men and women are equally likely to follow the path to addiction. 

Even if you fall into the aforementioned categories, there is no sure shot that you will turn into an addict. Believing in yourself and engaging in more productive, time-worthy activities are more likely to help you grow. The path to addiction is a dead-end. One day or the other, you will find an end that you didn’t want too soon in your life. It’s never too late to start getting sober. 

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